Daniela Ivón Fernández Ayala. Sexto Semestre. QFB. Ataque Nucleofílico. likes · 28 talking about this. Personal Blog. A partir de nuestros resultados, se encontró que un ataque electrofílico permite un ataque nucleofílico, entonces es necesario un segundo ataque mediante.

Author: Muk Dalkree
Country: Thailand
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Life
Published (Last): 27 October 2010
Pages: 141
PDF File Size: 6.25 Mb
ePub File Size: 4.66 Mb
ISBN: 142-7-33498-885-1
Downloads: 88610
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Merr

Halogenación de alquenos

The more reactive sites were 18C, 24Na and 24Na for an electrophilic, nucleophilic and free radical attacks, respectively. This result suggests that tartrazine stability diminishes in the aqueous phase.

In order to analyze the local reactivity on PT, its Fukui Function values were calculated through equationssee Table 5. Karplus University of Washington. Cardoso I ; Douglas W. Degassed solutions of the degradation product were transferred into quartz cells using teflon tubes. The arbitrariness in the way of choosing the ataquue has been one of the principal criticisms of the condensed Fukui function approximation [44].

From the NBO data Table 1 it is possible to infer that four atoms, i. Local reactivity was evaluated through the Fukui function. All reagents were used as purchased from Aldrich and Merck.


Abstract Motivated by the unprecedented nucleophilic attack at the pyridine nitrogen atom in bis imino pyridines, observed by Gambarotta et al. SCE is accessible to biological reductors such as cysteine, gluthatione and ascorbic acid.


Moreover, tartrazine has been associated with allergic reactions [3, 4], hyperactivity [10], behavioral problems [11, asthma [12, 13], migraines, thyroid cancer, among other ills [14].

The reaction of phosphorus esters in acid media is well known and recognized to take place following the Michaelis-Arbusov type mechanism, in which the nucleophilic attack occurs at the carbon atom of the P OEt 3 ligand.

Within the framework of the Density Functional Theory, it is possible to define global reactivity parameters which give information about the general behavior of a molecule.

At basic pH, it is possible that tartrazine is non protonated NPT and its trianionic form is predominant, see Figure 3b. Peica et al studied tartrazine from both experimental and theoretical point of views [26].

Chemosphere29 12 Analyst, Local jucleofilico descriptors In order to evaluate the reactivity at atomic resolution, the Fukui Function was evaluated through equations Therefore, the afaque attack at the pyridine nitrogen depends fundamentally on stereoelectronic rather than on steric factors cf. RRJET, 2 3 For 5b and 7, the experimental geometry obtained by X-ray diffraction [6] was used. B37 The chelation of MeLi by the pyridine and imino nitrogen atoms does not modify the electrophilic behavior of the [ NNN ] ligand; the soft pyridine nitrogen atom continues to be the most reactive site in the molecule for the methyl anion nucleophilic attack.


In a parallel study, Gambarotta et al. The trend of the experimental values for the halogen hardness, places the C 6 H 5 NH 2 and Me nucleophiles as soft and softer groups respectively: An Outline of its Chemistry, Biochemistry and Technology, 4 th ed.

A Theoretical Study of Chemical Reactivity of Tartrazine Through DFT Reactivity Descriptors

Cyclic voltammograms of the degradated complex after 8 months of storage were obtained in acid aqueous solution pH 1. It is well known that the Fukui function allows determining the pin point distribution of the active sites on a molecule. Results and Discussion In order to observe systematically how the pyridine nitrogen atom acquires electrophilic character and analyze the proposals made by Gibson et al. Note that the 16N atom is the most reactive site for both, electrophilic and free radical attacks.

Additionally, the methyl group could be abstracted from the nitrogen atom by the mild electrophiles i -PrBr and FeCl 3indicating that the alkylation at the nitrogen atom may be reversible. The nucleophilic attack follows the Michaelis-Arbusov type-reaction mechanism.

The asseveration is corroborated in Figure 7.